Disaster Preparedness
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation in Thailand
Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), Ministry of Interior, has established and strengthened various mechanisms and measures on Tsunami prevention and mitigation as follows:

1. The Five-Year Tsunami Prevention and Mitigation Plan
has been approved by the cabinet since March 2004. The DDPM is the core agency coordinating with other related agencies to formulate action plans and acquire budget for the model scheme.

The scheme aims to reduce future losses and mitigate risks from the Tsunami by educating people in the areas prone to the disaster, planning measures to increased preparedness of local communities for the disaster, and setting up national disaster alert and response system, which covers all coastal area in the south of Thailand.

In addition, the scheme aims increase the efficiency in disaster response by integrating inter-agency management, providing physical and moral support of various operations in the rescue and remedy plans.

2. 26 December has been designated as Disaster Prevention Day.
The DDPM annually arrange a nationwide event to raise awareness on Tsunami preparedness and also set up evacuation drills for people especially on the Andaman coast.

3. Awareness raising and trainings
have been implemented for the locals of 6 Andaman coast provinces in line with community based disaster risk reduction principle. For more information, please go to

A Stronger Civil-Military Coordination for Disaster Relief Operation: ASEAN Regional Forum Disaster Relief Exercise (ARF DiREx 2013)

Built upon the success of 2 previous ARF DiREx in 2009 (Philippines) and 2011 (Indonesia), the ARF DiREx 2013 aimed to enhance civilian-military coordination, strengthen cooperation in disaster relief, as well as promote exchanges of expertise and best practices in disaster management among ARF participants. Thailand and the Republic of Korea co-hosted this important exercise between 7-11 May 2013 in Cha-am, Phetchaburi Province,

ARF DiREx 2013 focuses on both inter-agency coordination and civil-military coordination. The exercise is unique as it is by far the most inclusive simulation exercise in the Asia Pacific region. ARF DIREX involves multiple agencies from the ARF members, the civilian and military actors and the international humanitarian players. Coordination issues and complexity of the international humanitarian architecture as exercised in ARF DiREx represent the actual situation when a disaster occurs in the region.

Based on an overarching scenario of 8.9 Richter earthquake in Sumatra and a subsequent tsunami hitting the Andaman coast of Thailand, the Exercise comprised 3 main components, namely Table Top Exercise (TTX), Field Training Exercise (FTX), and After Action Review (AAR).

1. Table Top Exercise (TTX) – led by Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Thailand

In the TTX, participants shared their ideas and experiences on the operationalisation of existing national, regional, and international frameworks and coordination mechanisms on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) They also discussed the stages and procedures for coordination on international assistance mobilisation including assets and logistics.

2. FTX - led by the Ministry of Defence, Thailand

The FTX focused on 7 scenarios: the Emergency Operation Center (EOC), rock-slide, collapse of structure, maritime rescue, medical relief, chemical leakage, and air rescue operation. Medical assistance exercises were held in conjunction with the scenarios, and an evacuation camp also was set up for training purposes.

3. AAR led by Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Thailand

An important component of ARF DiREx 2013 was the After Action Review (AAR), which focused on overall assessment of lessons learnt as well as making the necessary recommendations to the ARF Senior Officials and ARF Ministerial Meeting subsequently.

The ARF DiREx 2013 reflects Thailand’s commitment and active role in disaster management and serves as a platform for networking amongst the ARF Members and their participants. It also provided the participants to share their expertise and best practices among ARF members and the relevant national, regional and international agencies.

Representatives from 24 ARF participants took part in the ARF DiREx 2013: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (ECHO, EEAS, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the United Kingdom), India, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, the United States of America, Pakistan, Timor-Leste, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka. The representatives of the ASEAN Secretariat, the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat, the World Food Programme (WFP), and MERCY Malaysia were also present. A total of 1,674 participants attended the ARF DiREx.

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